Festival, a set of celebration in honor of Gods and Goddesses, is observed with much fanfare and celebrations in Nepal. Nepal can be called a “land of festivals” where festivals play an integral and deep-rooted part of life and a wide variety of festivals are observed by different communities and ethnic groups almost every day of the year. Some festivals may be linked with the gods and goddesses while others are attached with the memory of the departed soul, some are celebrated to herald a different season while others to mark the beginning or end of the agricultural cycle and some are renowned as national events while others for family celebrations. The most important festivals of Nepal can be grouped under the following categories:
Festivals of Celebration: Dashami, Sukrati, Judshital, Vivah Panchami, Janaki Navami, Jhulan, Krishnastami, Kartik Purnima, Saraswoti Puja, Fagu Purnima/Holi, Mahabiri Jhanda
Festivals Related to Agriculture and Animal: Nag Panchami, Gablaggi, Kadpakhar, Laban, Shree Panchami, Godhan, Pakheb, Janar
Festivals Related to Conjugal Life: Teej, Barisaait, Tushari, Madhushrawani, Hariso, Kojgara, Sombari
Festivals Celebrating Brother Sister Affection: Bhaitika, Sama Chakewa, Rakshya Bandan
Festivals for Family Welfare: Jitiya, Chathi, Chaurchan, Tila Sankranti
Festivals for the Welfare of Parents: Pitripakshya, Matrinavami, Kushe Aaunsi, Satbij Charney Din
Tourism Festivals: Mithila Parikrama, Pushi Purnima, Bolbam Journey, Salahes Mela
Festivals in Honor of National Heroes: Sahid Diwas, BidhyaPati Smriti Diwas, Salahes Jayanti
Religious Festivals: Devotthan, Nirjala, Harisawani Ekadashi, Shiva Ratri, Ananta Puja, Magh Saptami, Wakapanchak, Jeth Dashara
Besides this, festivals can also be categorized on the basis of place:
National festivals: Nawa Barsha (New Year), Ram Nawami, Chaitai Dashain, Buddha Jayanti, Shrawan Sankranti, Nag Panchami, Janai Purnima, Kushe Aaunsi, Rishi Panchami, Dashain, Tihar, Newari New Year (Mha Puja), Chath, Haribodhani Ekadasi, Harishayeni Ekadashi, Bala Chaturdasi, Bibaha Panchami, Maghe Sankranti, Swosthani Purnima, Shree Panchami, Holi, Maha Shivaratri, Ghode Jatra etc.
District Level Festivals: Gathemangal, Ganesh Chaturdasi, Lhosar, Rishi Panchami, Maghi, Baishakhe festival, Chandi, Chaite Purnima, Timal etc.
Moreover, Nepali calendar is clogged with many other festivals. Despite diverse festivals and beliefs, all Nepalese unite in the celebration of the year’s major festivals and participate in each other’s festivals.